Brasília construction began in 1956, with the main urban planner Lucio Costa and architect Oscar Niemeyer the principal.
In 1960 it officially became the capital of Brazil. Along with Putrajaya (Malaysia's capital) and Naypyidaw (capital of Myanmar) is one of the most recent capital of the world.
In 1987, UNESCO declared the city a World Heritage Site, is the only city built in the twentieth century that has received this honor.
In 1716, the Marquis of Pombal already mentioned the need to establish an administrative office away from the Atlantic Ocean in 1821 and independence leader Jose Bonifacio suggests the name for a future capital Brasilia Brazil.
Brazil previously had two capital cities: Rio de Janeiro and Salvador de Bahia, located on the Atlantic coast and linked forever Portuguese colonial rule. Among other reasons, to move the capital inland, it would attract people, encouraging inhabitants of the area within the country.
The first step in the construction was the selection of the location, then chose a large plateau in the southeastern part of the state of Goiás in mid 1956. The construction began on October 23, 1956, and no sooner were they finished the administrative buildings, its members moved to the new city.
It was planned to hold 500,000 people and currently has more than 600,000 residents in the "Pilot Plan" (the city center originally designed by Lúcio Costa) and over 1,400,000 in the suburbs.
Brasilia has the distinction of being a city planned and built with the express purpose of being used as national capital or administrative proceedings.