Brazil, officially Federative Republic of Brazil is a country in South America, comprising the eastern half of the subcontinent and some groups of small islands in the Atlantic Ocean.
With an estimated area of over 8.5 million km2, ranks fifth worldwide in territory surpassed only by Russia, Canada, China and America and has borders with all South American countries except Chile and Ecuador .
Its northern border with Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana on the south by Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean and west by Bolivia and Peru. For the most part, the country is between the terrestrial tropics, so the seasons do not feel in a radical way in much the same.
The Amazon covers 3.6 million km_ of its territory. Thanks to this and its climate is one of the countries with more species of animals in the world.
Being a vast country, Brazil has six major climatic subtypes: equatorial, tropical, semiarid, altitude tropical, temperate and subtropical. There is a dry season as such, although there are some variations in the amount of rainfall every season of the year. The average temperature is 25 ° C, which has a greater variation between day and night between stations.
Brazil is a federal republic formed by the union of 26 federal states and the Federal District, divided into 5564 municipalities
With an estimated 203.4 million people, Brazil is the fifth most populous country in the world but has a low rate of population density. This is because most of its population is concentrated along the coast, while inland is still marked by huge gaps demographics. .
Language and Religion
Portuguese colonization of Brazil is the only speaking nation Lusophone (Portuguese) in the Americas. Most followers of religion is Catholicism, with the largest number of nominal Catholics in the world. Brazilian society is considered a multi-ethnic society to be formed by descendants of Europeans, Indians, Africans and Asians.
Since late last century, Brazil's economy has maintained steady growth that has led him to become a regional power and one of the twenty largest economies in the world. However, growth remains the challenge of overcoming the purely quantitative elements, surpassing the great inequality of income, income per capita below the world average and ranked 84 in the Human Development Index, lower than many countries in region.
While there is no requirement for yellow fever vaccination for tourists traveling to Brazil from Argentina, the Brazilian Health Ministry recommends that they be vaccinated (with ten days in advance of entry into Brazil)